Both the Quran and science agree to the structural composition of the mountains and their role in maintaining the stability of the Earth.
A book entitled Earth is a basic textbook reference in many universities around the world. One of its two authors is Professor Emeritus Frank Press. He was the Science Advisor to former U.S. President Jimmy Carter, and for 12 years, president of the National Academy of Sciences , Washington , DC . His book says that mountains have underlying roots. [ Earth , Press and Siever , p. 435 . Also see Earth Science , Tarbuck and Lutgens , p. 157] These roots are deeply embedded in the ground, thus , mountains have a shape like a peg (see figures 1 , 2 and 3).
Figure 1 : Mountains have deep roots under the surface. (Earth , Press and Siever , . P 413. )
Figure 2: Schematic . The mountains , like pegs, have deep roots embedded in the ground . ( Anatomy of the Earth, Cailleux , p. 220. )
Figure 3: Another illustration shows how the mountains are peg – like in shape, due to their deep roots. ( Earth Science , Tarbuck and Lutgens , . P 158. )
This is how the Quran has described mountains. God says in the Quran:
” Have We not made the earth a bed , and the mountains as pegs ? ”
( Qur’an 78:6-7 )
Modern earth sciences have proven that mountains have deep roots under the surface ( see Figure 3) , and that these roots can reach several times the height of the surface of the earth . [ Geological Concept of Mountains in the Quran , The – Naggar , p. 5 ] Therefore, the most appropriate word to describe mountains on the basis of this information is the word ‘peg ,’ since most of a properly set peg is hidden under the surface. The history of science tells us that the theory of mountains having deep roots was introduced in the second half of the nineteenth century. [ Geological Concept of Mountains in the Quran , p. 5 ]
Mountains also play an important role in stabilizing the earth ‘s crust .
[Geological Concept of Mountains in the Quran , pp. 44-45] They hinder the shaking of the earth . God says in the Quran:
” And He has set firm mountains in the earth lest it shake with you … ” (Quran 16:15)
Likewise, the modern theory of plate tectonics holds that mountains work as stabilizers for the earth. This knowledge about the role of mountains as stabilizers for the earth has begun to be understood in the framework of plate tectonics since the late 1960s . [Geological Concept of Mountains in the Quran , p. 5]
Person during the time of Prophet Muhammad have known of the
true shape of mountains ? Could anyone imagine that the solid massive mountain which he sees before him actually extends deep into the earth and has a root , as scientists assert ? Many books of geology, when discussing mountains , only describe that part which is above the surface of the earth. This is because these books were not written by specialists in geology. However, modern geology has confirmed the truth of the verses of the Quran.
The Quran on Mountains
Mountains, science, Quran