The article presents the most important aspects of Islam basic beliefs , religious practices , the Koran, the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad and Sharia .
It is difficult to limit and Islam in some fundamental values . However, the most important beliefs and religious practices have been identified by the Prophet Muhammad himself . Therefore, there is general agreement among all Muslims . Provides an interesting comparison since modern Jews and Christians do not like uniformity in their belief systems . Christians , for example, have many beliefs  and the Jews are not all agreed beliefs. Modern Jews agree 613 commandments Maimonides, a Jewish rabbi of Muslim Spain , registered and ranked in the 12th century .
Moreover, Muslims , past and present, scholars were also identified and in some cases agree in the fundamental teachings of the Qur’an , the Prophet Muhammad , peace and blessings of God be upon him , and the “essential elements ” law Islamic (Sharia ). Core
Basic Islamic Beliefs: six articles of faith
More than one billion Muslims share a common set of core beliefs that are described as ” articles of faith. ” These articles of faith are the foundation of the Islamic belief system .
1) Belief in one God : The most important teaching of Islam is that God alone should be worshiped and served. Moreover, the greatest sin in Islam is to worship God with other beings. In fact , Muslims believe that is the only sin that God will not forgive if a person dies before repenting of it.
2) Belief in the angels, God created the invisible beings called angels who work tirelessly to manage your kingdom in complete obedience . Angels surround us at all times , everyone has a duty , a record of our words and actions. Core
3) Belief in the Prophets of God : Muslims believe that God communicates his leadership through human prophets sent to every nation. These prophets starting with Adam and including Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad , peace be upon them . The main message of all the prophets has always been that there is only one true God and He alone is worthy to be loved and prayed .
4) Belief in God’s Revealed Books : Muslims believe that God revealed His wisdom and instruction “books” to some of the prophets and the Psalms , the Torah and the Gospel . Over time , however , the original teachings of these books have been distorted or lost . Muslims believe that the Qur’an is the final revelation of God revealed to the Prophet Muhammad and has been fully preserved. Core
5) Belief in the Day of Judgment : The life of this world and all things come to an end on a designated day. At this time, each person will be resurrected from the dead . God judges each person individually according to their faith and their good and bad deeds . God will have mercy and justice in the trial. According to Islamic teachings , those who believe in God and do good deeds will be rewarded eternally in heaven . Those who reject faith in God will abide in fire of hell.
6) Belief in fate and divine decree : Muslims believe that since God is the sustainer of all life , nothing happens except by His will and with full knowledge . This belief does not contradict the idea of free will . God does not force us , our choices are known in advance, because God His knowledge is complete . This recognition allows the believer through the difficulties and trials .
Religious practice basic Islam : The five “pillars” of Islam
In Islam , worship is part of everyday life and is not limited to mere rituals. Formal acts of worship are known as the five ” pillars” of Islam. The Five Pillars of Islam are the profession of faith , prayer , fasting , charity and pilgrimage . Core
1) Statement of Faith : The ” Statement of Faith ” is the phrase : ” La ilaha illa Allah wa Muhammad Rasul – ullah ” meaning “There is no deity worthy of worship except God ( Allah ) and Muhammad is the Messenger ( prophet) of God “) . The declaration of faith is more than a statement , it must be shown with their actions. To convert to the faith of Islam , a person has to say this statement.
2) Daily prayer : Prayer is a method by which a Muslim is connected to God and brings spiritual strength and peace of mind. Muslims are five formal daily prayers.
3) Zakat : A type of charity. Muslims recognize that all wealth is a blessing from God, and some responsibilities are bound to change. In Islam, it is the duty of the rich to help the poor and needy . Core}}}
4) fasting during Ramadan : Once a year , Muslims are commanded to fast for a whole month from dawn to sunset . The period of intense spiritual devotion is known as the fast of Ramadan during which no food, drink and sexual intercourse during fasting is not allowed. After sunset , you can enjoy these things . During this month the Muslims practice self-control and focus on prayer and devotion. During fasting , Muslims learn to sympathize with those in the world who have little to eat .
5) Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca that every Muslim strives to make the pilgrimage once in a lifetime to the sacred site of Mecca in Saudi Arabia today. This is the most intense spiritual experience for a Muslim. Typically , 2-3000000 Hajj each year.
Heart of the Qur’an : Sura (Chapter ) Al – Fatiha
Specialists consider Sura al – Fatiha , the first chapter of the Qur’an which is the heart of the Qur’an. Defined in every formal prayer in Arabic. Translation follows:
“I begin with the name of God , Most Gracious, Most Merciful . Praise be to God, Lord of the worlds. Gracious, Most Merciful . Master of the Day of Judgment. You alone we worship and You alone asking us for help. Guide us to the straight path ( of Islam) , the path of those whom you have extended to us , not the path of those who earn your anger , nor of those who go astray . “
To listen to the recitation of Surah Al – Fatiha , click here
Basic Teachings of the Prophet Muhammad
Classical scholars of Islam have condensed the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad in some states. These global statements affect all aspects of our lives. Some of them are :
1) The actions are judged by the intention behind them.
2) God is pure and accepts nothing less that is pure and God told the faithful that he commanded the Prophets.
3) Part of the good adhesion of Islam a person is let go of what does not concern him .
4) A person may not be a complete believer unless he loves for his brother what he wishes for himself.
5) Do not do it himself or others wounded.
6) Do not let your attention in this life is to accumulate material gain and God will love you. Do not worry about what people have, and love .
Bases of Islamic law or Sharia
The core of Islamic law is the preservation of :
4) the mind
6) Some contemporary scholars suggest either justice or freedom sixth grade .
In the view of Islam , they are known as “essential ” because they are considered essential to human welfare .
In conclusion , if someone were to ask you , what is the heart of Islam in the fewest possible words , the answer would be , ” that is the very word Islam : to serve , worship and submit to God ‘s love .”
Core Values of Islam
Islam, Core, God
from Blogger http://how2bh.blogspot.com/2014/01/core-values-of-islam.html